It refers to the inability of a male to maintain erection consistently and repeatedly. It is a common problem and is reported that it impacts round 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. Most of the time persons are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is necessary to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis comprises two cylinder-formed chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs alongside the size of the penis. They comprise arteries which deliver the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there’s sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves in the penis to cause the relief of the penile arteries. This will increase the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There is simultaneous contraction of specialized muscle tissue situated in the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby helping to sustain erection.
This is clear now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses anyplace from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis can result in erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Most people consider it as a psychological problem. Nevertheless it just isn’t the case. Although psychological factors are involved in the causation of ED but principally we do have any underlying physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1. Vascular diseases
We understand that it is the increased blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular diseases which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it troublesome to get erection. They include atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and elevated ranges of cholesterols.
Males affected by diabetes mellitus usually experience erectile dysfunction all through life particularly when they haven’t got an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction associated with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
3. Neurologic Dysfunction
For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any disorder that interferes with the features of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace conditions similar to Stroke Multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
There are some way of life decisions which can improve the risk of erectile dysfunction. They include smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The accomplish that by interfering with the blood provide of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis also can cause erectile dysfunction. The significance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in people who have been using bicycle for longer period of times. This is because bicycle seat can put constant pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and leading to erectile dysfunction.
There are specific medicine that can cause erectile dysfunction. They include medicines used to lower blood pressure and in addition some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are a number of the causes of erectile dysfunction and the drugs you’re using to deal with these conditions additionally cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is important so that you can talk to you physician if you are on any drugs and also you start having problems with the erection.
7. Surgical procedure
Largely older people above the age of 50 have problems with erection. This is the age when individuals additionally present with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgeries for these conditions and through surgery the nerves supplying the penis is perhaps damaged leading to erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is concerned in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement associated with intercourse so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are answerable for only about 10-15%of the cases of ED. They include
• Low-self worth
Tips on how to Deal with Erectile Dysfunction?
1. Life-style adjustments
There are specific life type modifications which can assist in the improvement of sexual function. They include cessation of smoking, train and weight loss.
There may be this well-known drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It is not the only drug, rather there’s a entire class of medication called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The opposite vital medicines included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)
3. Vacuum Pumps
They are specialised gadgets containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is placed within the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump making a cylinder. This increases the blood flow to the penis. In order to keep the erection an elastic band is worn across the base of penis.
If the erectile dysfunction is due to blockage of the artery supplying the penis especially in youthful patients we can surgically restore that blood flow. The opposite things we are able to do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is filled with the pressurized fluid each time erection is required.
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